1. Dr. Anna Aguste Anghuwo
Unam Lecturer: Ongwediva
Interview posted on 05.10.2011
Dr Anghuwo is our inaugural guest (in other words she was the first person to be interviewed)
Welcome to Namambe, our local online talk show named after a tree at the host’s home village.
Dr Anghuwo’s PhD topic:
“Co-operating Spectrum Sensing Algorithm of Cognitive Radio based on Unsupervised Learning Algorithm”
Graduation month and year: October 2011
1. Please tell me a little about yourself and your family?
Dr: I am a simple woman who was born, grew up at Onakayale, Ombalantu , Omusati region , in the northern part of Namibia. I am the fourth child out of nine children of Tate Martin Naundjomba Anghuwo and Meme Lahja Anghuwo. Age? Hahaha let me leave that out, a woman never tells her age but for progress sake, just call me a veteran.
2. K: Where did you go to school?
Primary School: * Nakayale Primary School
Secondary School: * Ombalantu Secondary School (Half a Year 1988)
* Annie Walsh Memorial School, Freetown, Sierra Leone
Tertiary Education: * Polytechnic of Namibia
* Hohai University, Nanjing, PR China
* Harbin Institute of technology, Harbin, PR China
3. K: What did you study?
Dr: Oh that’s interesting, if anyone tells you can’t do anything don’t believe them, I have studied everything that is there to be studied, from Commerce, to Computers now communications, if you look at these courses they seem to be different but they are actually related. So to answer your question Kashindi, I studied national diploma in Commerce majored in Communication Science and Business Economics, then went on to do a master degree in Computer Applied Technology then finally Electrical Engineering majored in Information and Technology.
4. K: What lesson (s) did you learn during your study that you would like to share with our youth?
Dr: I learned that no matter how hard the situation it might be , if you really want something in life you will get it, all you need is a strong head , truly be stubborn, hard work, perseverance, lots and lots of sacrifices and God on your side then you are set. I also learned that achieving your dreams comes with a lot of responsibilities, but nothing stand in our ways of happiness and reaching for that goal but the fear of unknown, most of the time we are scared of taking risks because of unknown .
5. K: What did you study in China and how did you get there?
Dr: I first went to China in 2002 when I got a scholarship from the Chinese Government through the Ministry of Education to study a Master degree in Computer Applied Technology in Hohai University, Nanjing, China. After graduation I came back home and started working at the University of Namibia as E-learning coordinator / Lecturer, then as the University vision is to educate and train as many young Namibian as possible through the Staff Development program, I got a scholarship to continue my PHD studies in one of the most prestigious University in the world, Harbin Institute of Technology, where I recently completed three years of studies in Electrical Engineering majored in Information and Technology.
6. K: Tell me something about you having to learn Chinese language during your stay there?
Dr: Ha yeah!! But am telling you that language is hard period!! I mean it has tones, just think about learning how to sing do re mi!! Well one has no choice but in order to communicate you have to know the basic Chinese for survival, be it shopping or simply trying to go to your lectures!!
7: K: How are you going to utilize your newly acquired skills in Namibia?
Dr: Oh I have such big dreams for Namibia; I hope I can inspire a lot of young Namibians to concentrate more in education. Namibia is one of the few countries in the world with raw materials, but without knowledge we will suffer from poverty when our country is very rich. Well to answer your question I will try my best to teach as many youths as possible, not only in communications but also to believe in themselves more and to chase their dreams until they achieve them and to believe that nothing is impossible. I will also liaise with institution like telecom and see how we can create a shift of technical responsibilities, and more importantly I think Namibia needs more researchers in different disciplines, a country can only prosper when it produces good research findings and possible solutions.
8. K: Many people would be happy to stop studying once they obtain their masters degree, why it has not been the case with you?
Dr: Well!! First of all I think I have not been really so lucky in other departments so studying is one department that I have full control. I am a woman who likes to challenge myself to the limit, one day I woke up looked at my life and decided I want more also I have great friends and family members, who have been the source of inspirations and encouragements, I think they believe more, or they saw potential in me, so I found myself studying again, the other reason I do love my job at UNAM , and with UNAM being an educational institution we have to lead by an example so I decided to go all the way fight until I reach the end. Now call me crazy but these days I want to learn how to fly a plane…so someone needs to stop me before I find myself mokalemo…mhJ
9. K: It is surprising that in the district where you come from (Ombalantu) there are few people who have studied to the PhD level, what are the prohibitive factors concerning this and what should be done to improve this situation?
Dr: I sincerely believe that there is a lot intellectuals from our area, don’t get me wrong am not saying other areas don’t have them, but am focusing more in Ombalantu, I think we are the least people who are recognized in the whole country being it in the government, so I think this is one of the factor because we feel less appreciated even though we are honest, and hard working people, other factors I think is lack of knowledge, exposure, or lack of self esteemed, one of my good friend believe she is not good enough to study some subjects, I have no idea what we have to do to boost their self esteem , I only hope they use me as an example and believe more that nothing stands in our ways but fear and my advice to everyone in this beautiful country of ours, is never underestimate yourself and your potential, you will not really know how far or how capable you are until you push yourself to the limit and if you can dream it you can achieve it.
10. K: What else did you learn from the Chinese people given the fact that they are now one of the biggest world economies?
Dr: Believe me I have learn a lot from the Chinese people, Chinese are the most hard working people I ever seen, you know even primary kids go to school for a whole day, that’s why there is no time for kids to hang around malls and street doing nothing, and in the evening most people, universities students, school goers are in the street selling, they have what they call a night market, so there is no time to be idle, they always have something to do, they work at night, you know even banks open seven days a week. China is one country with less holidays, the world is busy complaining how Chinese are copying, while we are busy complaining they are getting better and better and their economy keeps growing and growing, and look at their economy today, people don’t know that…But I wish we can adopt the Chinese strategy of doing things, complain less and do more.
11. K: If most of the products are being produced in China would it not be in our favor to learn Chinese as a Third Language in Namibia?
Dr: I think learning a different language is an advantage for everyone, do you know that Chinese language is the most spoken language in the world? I don’t know if Chinese language should be as a third language in Namibia but I think it should be offered in schools and institutions of higher learning as a optional subjects, in order to give people choices if they want to learn it but believe me it is an advantage to learn how to speak it even just at basic level.
12. K: If you were to become the President of this country what are you going to try to change during your first year in Office?
Dr: For now, I have no desires to become a president, or a politician for that matter, I am an academician and love being that, but if I were to effect change it will be to follow the Chinese way of education, kids should be at school the whole day, the nation needs to be educated to complain less, train the nation to become self reliant, not spend days wallowing and getting chances to commit crimes.
13. K: Finally sometimes people who went to study abroad they come back with our Suwalas (in-laws) why did you fail to bring us one?
Dr: Ha ha ha!! Well well…What can I say? I did not fail to bring you one…you never know may be I will bring you a Chinese dude soon..Seriously my heart is in Namibia…but you know what? Time will tell…
14. K: Tell me more about your research topics and abstracts?
Dr: My PhD topic is:
“Co-operating Spectrum Sensing Algorithm of Cognitive Radio based on Unsupervised Learning Algorithm”
15: K: What is Spectrum and Cognitive Radio?
Dr: Well let me explain a little bit about what is Cognitive Radio and why it is important, am sure all of us have been stressed and angry with the fact that at times, networks are so congested that we’re unable to communicate, so my study looks at the cause of network congestions and offers an alternative way solving this problem.
Due to increasing growth in technology applications, devices that enters the market daily and expansion of existing ones, are changes that are causing a shift in the communication industry which has led to an increase in the demand for radio spectrum and resulted into spectrum overcrowding and congestion of communication networks. Cognitive radio is an intelligent radio that is believed to be the solution to congestion of communication network, because it improves the ways in which it adapts to changes in performance and environment to better serve the needs of the end user.
Dr: My Master topic was:
“Study and Implementation of WebGIS Database System”
Abstract: This thesis research is focusing on studying and implementing a web-based GIS using tools such as XML to develop a database system. The main requirements for an operational conceptual and implementation of a Web-based GIS Database Systems are database planning and design, pilot / benchmark, database construction, acquisition of GIS software followed by integrating GIS System. Developing an application and analyze the results which will also determine the system usage and its maintenance. It is difficult to overestimate the relevance of the World Wide Web, and its attendant effects that have come to bear on the day to day lives of people globally. The Internet and WWW play an integral role in the lives of people in various facets, especially in the modern business world at the levels of individuals and governmental agencies alike.
Hence, implementation of web-based GIS Database System has become not only paramount but also a necessity in any organization, a very challenging process though. There is a considerable amount of analyses, planning and resources required to successfully implement a web system. On the basis of the foregoing, this thesis reviews the intrinsic challenges and the accruable benefits in the implementation of a web-based GIS database system using XML tools; a system that should allows users to explore and query collective images generated from information, spatial and access data to support future planning. For the purpose of this study, the case of the Ministry of Higher Education, Training and Employment Creation in Namibia is chosen as a basis for this reflection. Here, information exchange between the public and the ministry, regarding the award of loans and scholarships administered by this government institution is the central focus within the general context of the above.
Click here to download it
K: I heard that PhD students have to defend their theses, what does that mean and how did you do it?
Dr: Well it’s not only PhD students this is a practice that is carried out by all students from bachelors, masters then PhD. Studying in China especially on a master and PhD level the course is divided into two parts, the first part is a course work whereby one has to attend classes, for a year then at the end of the year write exams, then the second part involves research and publications. From the second year, you are required to work directly with your professor to identify your research topic. After your topic has been identified then you have about six months to write the proposal, defend your proposal in front of a panel comprises of six or more professors and a hall full of students and other interested parties.
The committee will decide if you have passed your proposal defense and also offers you with advice, criticism and then send the results to the graduate school for administration. Well in the process you are required to publish academic papers in different international journals, present, publish and also attend conferences. Exactly eight months before your final you are required to do your pre-defense. Pre-defense includes mostly all your work, your findings and your results. This would require defending it in front of a panel, which will decide if your work is good enough if they find it satisfactory they give you the results, which normally has to be a pass or a fail, then have to send your thesis outside of the country to external reviewers which normally takes about 6 – 8 weeks before you will know your fate, results from the external reviewers will determine if you are to be allowed to do your final defense then graduate. Master defense is not so tedious and long it normally takes only 45 minutes. However, the PhD final defense is the worst and crucial part, it is a process that takes about 3 hours to complete, during the final defense you will be faced with questioning, presentations, challenges from the panels, from your colleagues and everyone who wants to challenge you, ha I remember during my final presentation I was sweating and they grilled me so well that I ended up talking in oshiwambo hahahaha that’s how severe it was and believe me it’s a process that I hope I will never ever have to go through again until I die.
K: Any other thing you would like to say?
Dr: Not really but wow I can’t wait to come home and you know what Kashindi I am passing the torch on..Okalama oko nghoo..Who is ready to take up the challenge? Am throwing it out to all the Namibian youth…MAKE MOTHER NAMIBIA PROUD!!
K: Thank you very much it was a great pleasure interacting with you and once again congratulations and keep in touch.
Anna Auguste Anghuwo
PHD: Information and Communication Engineering
School of Electronic and Telecommunication Engineering
Communication Research Center
Harbin Institute of Technology
92 West Da Zhi Street
Nan Gang District